What Is the Difference Between Mandarin and Cantonese? It is also used in electronic and print media. Cantonese has a reputation as a difficult language to learn, especially if you're not familiar with tonal languages. Mandarin and Cantonese are the two most commonly spoken dialects of Chinese. During the Tang dynasty, it returned to being more similar to central Chinese, but immediately afterwards, in the Song dynasty, it split even further. So, let’s say you’re American. You can, but no one will thank you for it. Cantonese and Mandarin are dialects of the Chinese language and are both spoken in China. During the Sui dynasty, the influx of Han Chinese increased immensely, and the language gained even more hold. In truth, such is the complexity of written Chinese that some office workers will use basic English to communicate by email, while most schools teaching Chinese focus on the verbal language rather than reading and writing. While it has many similarities with Mandarin, the primary dialect, there are some differences. Cantonese is the de facto official spoken variety of Chinese along with English. Cantonese language, variety of Chinese spoken by more than 55 million people in Guangdong and southern Guangxi provinces of China, including the important cities of Canton, Hong Kong, and Macau. ), we encourage you to form your own phonics, so that you make an association … When using ‘hea’ to describe a person, the meaning usually slightly alters to indicate that a person may … For those who are familiar with Jyutping, please try our new Online Jyutping Input Method Compatible with Family words in Cantonese (廣東話 / 粵語) Words for family members and other relatives in Cantonese, a variety of Chinese spoken in Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Macau and many parts of Southeast Asia. It … It is the local language in current use within the province of Guangdong, China, official language in the Special Administrative Region of Hong Kong, as well as in the Special Administrative Region of Macau, and used in many overseas Chinese communities in South-East Asia and elsewhere, with Kuala Lumpur and Ho … However, Cantonese continues to be the language of everyday communication both inside and outside of the home. They share the same base alphabet, but as a spoken language they are distinct and not mutually intelligible. The vocabulary, grammar, and pronunciation of the two languages are quite different as well, particularly in terms of colloquial speech. Both the Mandarin and Cantonese dialects are tonal languages where one word has many meanings depending on the pronunciation and intonation. Mandarin is the official state language of China and is the lingua franca of the country. What Is the Official Language of Hong Kong? It takes an average of around 2,200 hours for native English speakers to become competent in it, though of course the amount of time varies according to personal ability and the intensity of a course. In much of the country, it is the primary spoken language, including Beijing and Shanghai, although many provinces still retain their own local dialect. Word order is important for meaning, and is generally changed according to context. Thank you – this is used in the same way as ‘thank you’ in English. Jyutping, Yale or Cantonese Pinyin etc. Both languages are spoken in Malaysia and Singapore. In the classification of modern Han Chinese languages, Cantonese is one of seven major dialects (specifically, Yue in Mandarin or Yuht yuh in Cantonese) the others being Mandarin, Wu, Gan, Xiang, Hakka, and Min. If you're feeling particularly bold and plan to learn both languages, it is claimed that it's easier to learn Mandarin first and then build up to Cantonese. Good morning. Cantonese is spoken in Guangdong and Guangxi provinces, Hainan Island, Hong Kong, Macau, Singapore, Malaysia, and many overseas Chinese communities. To read out the number, read the number of the value of the digit followed by the value of the digit. Around 90% percent of Hong Kongers still use Cantonese as their first language and there is some resentment at attempts by the Chinese government to push Mandarin. From tens to ten-thousands, each digit has a corresponding character. Pronounced as: ho go hing ying sik ney; 3. Taishanese, from the coastal area of Jiangmen (Kongmoon) located southwest of Guangzhou, was the language of most of the 19th-century emigrants from Guangdong to Southeast Asia and North America. Wikibuy Review: A Free Tool That Saves You Time and Money, 15 Creative Ways to Save Money That Actually Work. NOTE: the numbers are tone markers in Jyutping romanisation. “I am from…” in Cantonese. The formal version is somewhat closer to Mandarin, but colloquial speech is very different. Cantonese is a major dialect of the Chinese language, spoken in mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, and many expatriate "Chinatowns" throughout the world. How to say I have in Cantonese 有. Compare this with Mandarin, which is spoken by about 1 billion people worldwide. The Chinese language as a result of their influence began to assimilate and supplant local languages. If you are a non-native speaker, Hong Kongers will certainly prefer to speak to you in English than in Mandarin. Guangdong province has seen an influx of Mandarin speakers and many people there now speak Mandarin. Cantonese is spoken by the people of Hong Kong, Macau and the wider Guangdong province, including Guangzhou (previously Canton in English). The same is true of Macau. Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Singapore continue to use traditional Chinese that have more complex brushstrokes. Mandarin has spread across almost all of China, as the “standardized” form of Chinese, yet Cantonese is still commonly spoken in Hong Kong and is the main dialect in Guangdong, which contains the important industrial city Guangzhou as its capital. Cantonese pronunciation: tones(聲調) Tones is the most important element for mastering Cantonese pronunciation. Cantonese is one of these languages. In Vietnam alone, Cantonese (Yue) speakers There are 6 tones in Cantonese. Apart from mainland China, the language also has native speakers in Hong Kong, Macau, Thailand, Vietnam, Singapore, the United States, Canada, … This language also has a lot of loanwords from English and other languages, due to south-east China's long history of trading. Cantonese (sometimes called standard Cantonese) has its origins in the area of Guangzhou (once called Canton) in the south of China. RTHK Naked Cantonese: With more than 200 episodes about 10 minutes each, Naked Cantonese is a fun and engaging podcast about using Cantonese in daily situations in Hong Kong. The advice above is largely true in Macau as well, although locals there are a little less sensitive to speaking Mandarin. We empower you to type Chinese online anytime, anywhere with any computer for free! Do highlight to your Cantonese Translator when you are sourcing for translator or voice over to Translate Cantonese to English or rather Transcribe Cantonese to English. The name Cantonese is often used for the whole group, but linguists prefer to reserve that name for the variety of Guangzhou (Canton), Wuzhou (Ngchow), Hong Kong and Macau, which is the prestige dialect. The benefit of Mandarin is that while not everybody speaks it, there will usually be somebody nearby who does. Those who already speak Mandarin, Japanese, or Korean can often learn it in a shorter amount of time. It is used for personal writing, poetry, magazines, diaries, literature, singing, and movies. According to this article: Cantonese Slang of the Week: HEA To put it in the simplest of terms, to Hea means to procrastinate, be lazy, and basically try to kill time. Both Cantonese and Mandarin share the Chinese alphabet, but even here there is some diversion. 2. They can be left out. Between 50 and 80 million people speak this language throughout the world, notably in south-east Asia, Australia, and Canada. Until recent times, the word “Canton” referred to Guangzhou, the capital city of southern China’s Guangdong province. Hong Kong and Macau. Much like English, Cantonese can be written both formally and informally. It is often also referred to as Yue Yu or Guangdong Hua. Online Cantonese Input Method is a free online Chinese typing tool using Cantonese romanization codes. Unlike 係, there’s no distinction between written and spoken forms, so this is the only word you need for “to have”. It is the language of choice for education, business, government, and the media. If you plan on doing business in China or traveling around the country, Mandarin is the language to learn. Cantonese has a very rich history and culture as a language, and is one of the most expressive and fun languages I have ever heard. Cantonese is spoken by the people of Hong Kong, Macau and the wider Guangdong province, including Guangzhou (previously Canton in English). 有 jau5. Most Cantonese food tastes fresh, natural, and mild. Many people in Canada and Australia also speak it, as these are popular areas for Hong Kong and Macau students and emigrants. Happy Jellyfish Cantocourse: Cecilie Gamst Berg is a Norwegian expat living in Hong Kong. Outside of China, it has major population bases in Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand. Cantonese restaurants initially grew around the yum cha tradition, which saw friends and family come together over brunch serving Chinese tea and dim sum. A common mistake in Cantonese: Cantonese adjectives However, there is one exception that many foreigners learning Cantonese inevitably make when it comes to describing things with adjectives. China increasingly uses simplified characters that rely on simpler brushstrokes and a smaller collection of symbols. This language is mostly spoken in south-east China, notably in Hong Kong, Macau, and Guangdong Province. She insists that Cantonese is flourishing and cites her time with certain infamous Hong Kong politicians in New York's Chinatown as evidence of such Cantonese. 好高興認識你; Hou2 go1 hing3 jing6 sik1 nei5; Nice to meet you. It is spoken in southern China, especially in and around Hong Kong and Macau, and in Guangzhou Province. “Nice to meet you” in Cantonese. Jo sun. Between 50 and 80 million people speak this language throughout the world, notably in south-east Asia, Australia, and Canada. Additionally, Cantonese cuisine has quite a mild taste, unlike Szechuan cuisine, for example, which is spicy and flavorful. Key to abbreviations: frm = formal, inf = informal, m = male, f = female, + = elder, - … Cantonese has six tones, whereas Mandarin has just four. While many Hong Kongers are now learning Mandarin as a second language, they will, for the most part, not speak the language. Words are commonly modified with time words, words that indicate amounts, and sounds or words for negation. That means that wherever you are there you should be able to find someone to help with directions, timetables or whatever crucial information you need. Rory Boland is a guidebook author and travel writer who has lived and worked in Hong Kong and London. Though Cantonese speakers can usually read the simplified characters used to write Mandarin since they're based on the traditional characters used to write Cantonese, the reverse does not always apply. Cantonese (廣東話 Gwóng dōng wá) is a widely spoken Chinese language. Cantonese is one of the main languages in China and is widely spoken amongst Chinese diaspora. Worldwide, there are about 66 million Cantonese speakers. This language is thought to be one of the hardest for non-Asians to learn, because of its tonal nature, character-based writing system, and very different grammar from many non-Asian languages. This is especially true in Tibet, northern regions near Mongolia and Korea and Xinjiang. Cantonese is a language spoken throughout south-eastern China and in some neighboring countries. Cracking the tones are said to be the hardest part of learning Chinese. Last fall, the New York Times published an article describing the rising importance of Mandarin in Chinatown.This seemed to offend travel writer Daisann McLane, an avid student of Cantonese. Cantonese is spoken in Hong Kong, Macau, GuangZhou, and Southern parts of China in that vicinity. Cantonese is spoken in mainland China as a lingua franca in … Mandarin is spoken in Mainland China and Taiwan. Mandarin is the only official language of China. Jillian Dara is a freelance travel writer and fact checker. Our Philosophy for Learning Cantonese in Singapore. Though both are tonal languages, Mandarin only has four tones. Whenever plosive ending consonants(塞尾韻)p, t and k are used, the tone of the word must be in tone 1, 3 or 6. Many consider Cantonese the prestige dialect of Yue. Mmm goi. In Cantonese, numbers can be interpreted as a series of digits. 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