July: Ruby. These are just some of garnet's many colors and varieties. It is associated with love and passion since its color is very intense. Excellent: The most durable birthstones are diamond (April), ruby (July), and sapphire (September). Sapphire is the birthstone for September. Its enchanting greens mirror the splendor of spring. Moonstone is most often a white or gray color with a glow that is white or silvery - like the glow of the moon (that's how it got its name!). Learn about the history of emeralds and the exotic locations where emeralds can be found. Mother’s rings are sometimes purchased by a mother but they are often a gift to the mother from her husband or from her children. September: Sapphire. Some peridot falls to Earth in meteorites. These gems are also suited for use in any type of jewelry. Pictured here is a faceted specimen of color-change alexandrite of 26.75 carats from Tanzania, showing a blue-green color in daylight and a purple-red color under incandescent light. Learn more about their history and where they can be found. Colorful tourmaline crystals: Tourmaline was added as a birthstone for October in 1952. Learn more about these two birthstones for October and discover their meanings and where they can be found. Both are fairly abundant making them affordably priced. December: Turquoise, Zircon, Tanzanite. Two are pink and green bicolor stones known as "watermelon tourmaline." Diamond, ruby, sapphire, and topaz are the only widely-used gem materials with a higher hardness. Topaz and citrine are the two birthstones for November. Those born in the month of April are lucky enough to call the diamond, a scintillating stone, their birthstone. The color variety of garnet gives people born in January many color options. These take advantage of the layered, multicolored nature of the material. It is also a traditional gemstone of this month in some cultures. Moonstone also occurs in pink, orange, near-colorless and other colors. The garnet family is one of the most complex in the gem world. Swiss blue and London blue are two of the most popular blue colors in treated topaz. There are even opaque garnets that are usually cut as a cabochon (pink hydrogrossular and green grossularite). The finest color of the birthstone for July is a deep red with a hint of purple, called “pigeon’s blood” in the trade. The shopper quickly finds an amethyst jewelry set consisting of a ring, a pendant necklace, and a pair of earrings. Birthstones serve as both a purchasing and marketing aid. Ruby (July), sapphire (September), aquamarine (March), alexandrite (June), and spinel (August), are durable enough to serve as an engagement ring gem. Lab-grown opals are being sold today in many jewelry stores. Three-piece sets that include a birthstone ring, pendant, and pair of earrings are sold in many stores. Although many people think of a red gem when they think of garnet, it is actually available in almost every color - green (tsavorite and demantoid), orange (spessartine and hessionite), purple (rhodolite), yellow (mali and topazolite), pink (malaya), red (almandine and pyrope), black (melanite). All of these gems have hardness of 9 or 10, excellent durability, and are suitable for any use in jewelry. Next to the diamond, it is the second hardest material on Earth. Birthstones are gemstones that represent the month of a person's birth. Some modifications of the original list that are in general agreement include: (A) tourmaline was added as an August birthstone to give people color choices beyond yellowish-green peridot, (B) spinel joined opal as an October birthstone for greater durability and the option of a faceted stone, (C) the lapis lazuli of December was replaced by zircon and later tanzanite - after its 1967 discovery. October: lab-created corundum substituting for tourmaline. Image copyright iStockphoto / mikheewnik. January Birthstone: Garnet. Other birthstones of the month of July include sardonyx, turquoise, carnelian and sapphire. The ruby, along with the related sapphire, are the second hardest natural gemstones, with only the diamond being harder. Below we have rated the birthstones according to their suitability for use in various types of jewelry, giving them ratings from "poor" to "excellent". It is a blue to blue green to yellowish green mineral that has been used as a gemstone for thousands of years. Turquoise is still an important part of Southwestern culture. Its name comes from the Latin 'ruber', which means 'red'. Natural rubies have historically been expensive gems, but recent discoveries in Africa bring many attractive natural rubies into the market at affordable prices. October: Opal, Tourmaline. Learn … Cameos have been popular in jewelry for at least 2000 years. Birthstone Guide - Birthstones by Month Birthstones are gemstones corresponding to one of the 12 months of the year, each with its own unique look, value and beauty. These man-made alternative gems, along with sterling silver or low-carat gold mountings, provided three benefits: they (1) significantly reduced the cost of the item; (2) improved the size, color, and clarity of the stones that the buyer was able to afford; and, (3) allowed a better profit margin for sellers. Learn about its history, origins, care and cleaning, and where they can be found in order to help you pick the right one for yourself or a loved one. Very Good: Next in overall durability are aquamarine (March), alexandrite (June), and spinel (August). They have wonderful color and clarity that simulates the appearance of a high-quality natural gem at a much lower cost. Spinel is a very hard and durable gem. Birthstone in July -- Ruby Ruby, a kind of corundum, is mainly composed of alumina and red is derived from chromium. Sapphire, the September birthstone comes in all the colors of the rainbow – except red. Spinel is a mineral that occurs in a wide variety of colors. February Birthstone - Amethyst. Birthstone Color: Red Like a perfect red rose, the Ruby's rich color speaks of love and passion. Are you a January baby? It is the world's most popular purple gem - and that enhances its status as a birthstone. Many people enjoy the light-colored stones which are much more affordable. Some of these stones exhibit multiple colors because they were cut from color-zoned crystals. Many shoppers, gift recipients, and jewelers enjoy the idea of birthstones jewelry. Four Peaks is the most important amethyst mine in the United States. Discover what makes your birthstone a powerful statement of your finest qualities by clicking on the month you were born in below. They are often engraved with the names of the children or with a special message. There are countless myths and legends around the many different powers and attributes that birthstones have. Peridot, spinel and sardonyx are the three birthstones for August and they come in a variety of shapes and colors. Whether or not you believe these legends, it’s hard to disagree that learning about birthstones can be an educational and entertaining experience. , Africa and Australia, and other colors shoppers can expect to find it in almost jewelry. 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