Co. The Minnesota Legislature incorporated the University of Minnesota in 1851. St. Anthony Falls, on the Mississippi River at the site of Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. Minnesota Historical Society Press. Delve into Minneapolis’ milling history at the Mill City Museum. 1906-29. The history of Minnesota is comprised of several different periods: Native American inhabitation after the last Ice Age, exploration by explorers and fur traders during the 1600s and 1700s, land acquisition by the United States in the late 1700s and early 1800s, and the eventual foundation as Minnesota Territory in 1849 and the 32nd US state on May 11, 1858. History of Minneapolis, gateway to the Northwest Type Book Author Marion Daniel Shutter Publisher S.J. 11 Things You Didn’t Know About The History Of Minneapolis. Co. Collection newyorkpubliclibrary; americana Digitizing sponsor MSN Contributor New York Public Library … Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. It was reopened in 1869 and gave degrees to its first two graduates in 1871. It lies upriver and west of St. Paul. Minneapolis Building Permit Index Cards Learn about the construction and improvement history of your house or building (1884-1974). I loved that the tour guides took photos and uploaded them on a website for no extra cost. A year later the National Transportation Safety Board concluded that the bridge had collapsed because of a design flaw. Minneapolis-St Paul History. Nicknamed the ‘twin cities’, Minneapolis-St Paul began life as two separate towns that both perched beside the mighty Mississippi River. The territory that eventually became Minnesota was first visited by Father Louis Hennepin in 1680, from whose exploration the French based their claim of jurisdiction. Publishing, milling, food processing, graphic arts, insurance, and high-technology industries are also important. Updates? Since 1877, where the riverfront goes to pray. It stood from 1890 until it was torn down starting in List of Minneapolis Chiefs of Police (514 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article Despite what we know about Minneapolis today, many of us aren’t aware of some of the city’s historic secrets. Railroads, which multiplied connections with Chicago and the south and with the east through Sault Ste. Our Lady of Lourdes, the historic Catholic church in downtown Minneapolis. Minneapolis garnered national and international attention on August 1, 2007, when the Interstate 35W bridge over the Mississippi River collapsed unexpectedly during rush hour, causing 13 fatalities and nearly 150 injuries. From restaurants and bars to natural areas and entire neighborhoods, we each have our own favorite spots to spend time. ISBN 0873514440 Minneapolis is the largest city in the state of Minnesota in the United States, and the county seat of Hennepin County. Of historical and cultural interest are the Guthrie Theater, the Minnesota Opera, the Minnesota Orchestra, the American Swedish Institute, the Walker Art Center, the Hennepin History Museum, the Minneapolis Institute of Arts, and the Bell Museum of Natural History. The proposed freeway, Interstate 335, would connect I-94 in north Minneapolis to I-35W north of the University of Minnesota. History of Minneapolis mills and bridges. Minneapolis has the main portion of the University of Minnesota, Twin Cities (1851), campus; other institutions of higher education include Augsburg College (Lutheran; 1869), Dunwoody College of Technology (1914), Minneapolis College of Art and Design (1886), a campus of Metropolitan State University (1971), and North Central University (Pentecostal; 1930). The population of Minneapolis grew steadily from the late 19th to the mid-20th century, reaching a peak of 521,718 in 1950. The climate is cool temperate, with long, cold winters and warm summers. Minneapolis was incorporated as a city in 1867 and five years later absorbed St. Anthony as well. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Minneapolis has a long history of inclusion, forward thinking policy, and of being a pioneer in the LGBTQ community. Minneapolis History Facts and Timeline (Minneapolis, Minnesota - MN, USA) Together with Saint Paul, the capital of Minnesota, the city of Minneapolis forms the 'Twin Cities' along the banks of the mighty Mississippi River. The first European settlement in the region was near what is now known as the town of Stillwater, Minnesota. WorldCat Home About WorldCat Help. Find Police Department information View … They stopped all the traffic and made us feel safe. Highly diversified manufactures include metal products, electronics, precision instruments, medical devices, plastics, machinery, computers and computer equipment, chemicals, automotive parts, and agricultural products. Portions of Bde Maka Ska and Lake of the Isles are dredged, parkways and paths constructed, park buildings, golf courses and concession stands opened, and recreation programs provided. Marie, Michigan, were completed in the late 19th century. The Twin Cities region is a rail and trucking centre and includes a major international airport in the southeastern corner of Minneapolis. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Do you remember a time when downtown Minneapolis had very few skyways, no stadiums and lots of department stores? Participate in community safety Be part of ensuring the safety of all members of our community. The land remained under French control until 1762, when it passed to the Spanish. The city is approximately 20 miles from downtown Saint Paul and lies on the western bank of the St. Croix River, which forms the border of central Minnesota and Wisconsin. Paul–Bloomington Metro Area, 2,968,806; (2010) 382,578; Minneapolis–St. The Skyway, a system of enclosed, climate-controlled pedestrian walkways located on the second-floor level, connects various points in the downtown area. Lake Minnetonka, 12 miles (19 km) long and with 110 miles (177 km) of irregular shoreline, is in the western suburban area; its outlet, Minnehaha Creek, flows eastward and then drops 53 feet (16 metres) over an escarpment at Minnehaha Falls. Most of us who live here like to think we know Minneapolis pretty well. [Isaac Atwater; John H Stevens;] Home. A small extension of the northern boundary makes Minnesota the most northerly of the 48 conterminous U.S. states. J.D. Theodore Wirth is appointed Superintendent of Parks in 1906. Minnesota, constituent state of the United States of America. Its name was derived from the Sioux word minne, meaning “water,” and the Greek polis, for “city.” St. Anthony was chartered as a city in 1860 and Minneapolis in 1867; the two cities merged as Minneapolis in 1872. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Skyline of Minneapolis, Minn., with the Mississippi River in the foreground. The flour milling industry was established early in the city's development and has remained a mainstay of the economy. It lies upriver and west of St. Paul. The lumber industry initially flourished in the area surrounding Minneapolis, but eventually the timber was exhausted and the loggers moved farther west. Alternative Title: North Star State. Land was bought and cleared with residents relocating before the project was finally defeated by local residents and activists. The falls were an important factor in the city’s early economic growth as a lumber and flour-milling centre. Omissions? Search. Pennefeather, Shannon M. (2003). A 12-mile (19-km) light-rail transit line, connecting downtown Minneapolis with the airport and the Mall of America in suburban Bloomington, opened in 2004. With adjoining St. Paul to the east, it forms the Twin Cities metropolitan area, the largest conurbation in the state and in the U.S. north-central region. A weird history explaining why Minneapolis is called the Twin Cities. In order to establish its presence in the area, the United States built Fort Snelling in 1819, on land acquired by Lieutenant Zebulon Pike from the Sioux Indians near the junction of the Mississippi and Minnesota rivers in 1805. The the fort reservation corresponded to most of present-day Minneapolis as well as much of St. Paul. Stevens opens the first school in Minneapolis on the shores of Lake Harriet with four pupils. With the popularity and accessibility of the camera in the mid to late 1800s, photographers were able … Pop. The first people who came to the region that now forms Minnesota during the last Ice Age, following herds of large game. By 1870 Minneapolis was the country’s top producer of flour. According to the Minnesota Historical Society, Minneapolis’s original nickname of “The Twin Cities” may not have had anything to do with St. Paul at all. The origin and growth of the city was spurred by the proximity of Fort Snelling, the first major United States military presence in the area, and by its location on Saint Anthony Falls, which provided power for sawmills and flour mills. History of Minneapolis, Minnesota. History of Minneapolis Schools 1834 Rev. Share on Discovering the Cartography of the Past. Founded by immigrants arriving from Sweden, Norway, Denmark and northern Germany, Minneapolis came first, founded on the west bank in 1855, opposite St Anthony Falls. As wheat growing in the northwest increased, flour milling superseded lumbering as the leading industry (the last lumber mill closed in 1919). Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). In 1852, President Millard Fillmore signed an act of Congress that reduced the Fort Snelling reservation, opening more territory to white settlement. Ultimately new housing and industrial … The North Star State: A Minnesota History Reader. The number of settlers on the west side of the river quickly grew and the new community took the name of Minneapolis, meaning city of waters. The village of St. Anthony developed on the east side of the falls. The university now operates twenty different colleges and serves more than 45,000 students. Throughout the city’s history the great majority of its residents have been of European (notably Scandinavian) ancestry, but that proportion has been decreasing, and the number of African Americans, Asians, and Hispanics has been growing; blacks now constitute roughly one-fifth of the population. The area also has a history of historic preservation. (2002). The number of people subsequently began declining until about 1990, when the city population basically stabilized. (2000) 382,618; Minneapolis–St. Search by address or street name. Move Minneapolis Forward See how we're improving public safety and the lives of people affected by COVID-19. We are from Texas and wanted something fun to do beside explore the Mall of America … Read more. Co. The territory that eventually became Minnesota was first visited by Father Louis Hennepin in 1680, from whose exploration the French based their claim of jurisdiction. Within its limits are 22 lakes and lagoons and some 170 parks. The Franciscan missionary Louis Hennepin visited the area in 1680 and named St. Anthony Falls, which later provided power for grinding flour for Fort Snelling (1819; now a state park), a military outpost at the confluence of the rivers. We were the first state to reject a constitutional amendment to ban same-sex marriage by a popular vote. 1851–1852 Mary Schofield opens a … Minneapolis is now a commercial, transportation, distribution, health care, financial, and industrial centre. The land remained under French control until 1762, when it passed to the Spanish. Its first classes were held in St. Anthony. Spain returned it to France in 1801, whereupon Napoleon negotiated its sale to the United States as part of the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. 1000-2010 Mercator. Sioux and Ojibwa peoples were early inhabitants of the region. Same-sex marriage became legal in Minnesota in 2013. In the second half of the 20th century, the city remained one of the nation’s primary wheat markets; the Minneapolis Grain Exchange was still one of the largest cash exchange markets in the world. The Anishinaabe, the Sioux, and the ot… By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Our collection of old historical maps of Minnesota span over 400 years of growth. Minneapolis, the largest city in Minnesota and the seat of Hennepin County, is located in the southeast central part of the state on the Mississippi River.It is adjacent to its “twin city” of St. Paul.. Another settlement that began fueling early interest in the area was the outpost at Fort Snelling, which was constructed from 1820 to 1825 at the confluence of the Minnesota River and the Mississippi River. History of Minneapolis and Hennepin County, Minnesota. In 1680, Father Louis Hennepin visited the future site of Minneapolis and gave the Falls of St. Anthony their name. After World War I the availability of lower freight charges by means of Great Lakes shipping shifted much of the export flour trade to Buffalo, New York, though Minneapolis remained the headquarters for some large milling companies. Mill City: A Visual History of the Minneapolis Mill District. Downtown: A History of Downtown Minneapolis and Saint Paul in the Words of the People Who Lived It (Minnesota) | Anderson, David | ISBN: 9780931714832 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. Settlers had begun occupying U.S. military-reservation land on the west side of the river in 1849; in 1855 the government gave these illegal squatters patent rights, and the village of Minneapolis was incorporated in 1856. Old maps of Minneapolis Discover the past of Minneapolis on historical maps Browse the old maps. The state’s men’s (Timberwolves) and women’s (Lynx) professional basketball teams play at the Target Center, and its Major League Soccer team (Minnesota United FC) plays at TCF Bank Stadium. Bridge over the Mississippi River, Minneapolis, Minn. St. Anthony Falls, on the Mississippi River at the site of Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. A lack of students and the onset of the Civil War led to the university being closed in 1861. History of Minneapolis and Hennepin County, Minnesota Type Book Author Isaac Atwater Author John H Stevens Place New York Publisher Munsell Pub. After Minnesota became a state in 1858, the city of Minneapolis grew and eventually merged with the town of Saint Anthony in 1872, making our city’s perimeter what it is known as today. Minneapolis, the state’s most populous city, spreads out on a relatively level plain. Its name was derived from the Sioux word minne, meaning “water,” and the Greek polis, for “city.” St. Anthony was chartered as a city in 1860 and Minneapolis in 1867; the two cities merged as Minneapolis in 1872. A discussion of the first public art gallery west of the Mississippi River, from the documentary. The Wild Botanic Garden opens in 1907. Clarke Pub. Search for Library Items Search for Lists Search for Contacts Search for a Library. St. Paul, Minnesota: Minnesota Historical Society; Aby, Anne J. History Of Minneapolis. Fort Snelling held jurisdictio… Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Minneapolis, Official Tourism Site of Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, Minneapolis - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). The incident sparked nationwide concern for the safety of the country’s infrastructure. “Historic Hotel with a bit of a Vegas, club vibe ” “ It's in the restored historic Foshay tower, a Minneapolis landmark, and every detail was perfection, with a seamless combination of elegance and funkiness. By 1916, Minneapolis produced over 18 million barrels of flour a year. Minneapolis, the largest city in Minnesota, is situated on both sides of the Mississippi River at the 45th parallel. Here are some other important events in Minnesota history. be one of the most architecturally significant structures in the history of Minneapolis, Minnesota. Paul–Bloomington Metro Area, 3,279,833. The lumber business reached its height in the late 19th century, when logs from the forests of the north jammed the river. It became the 32nd state of the union on May 11, 1858. The museum took its name from one of the city’s nicknames, the “Mill City.” The first commercial flour mill opened in 1854, and by 1863, fifteen mills produced 1.25 million barrels of flour a year. View Minnesota Maps such as historical county boundaries changes, old vintage maps, as well as road / highway maps for all 87 counties in Minnesota. Suburban communities include Columbia Heights (north), Brooklyn Park (northwest), Plymouth and St. Louis Park (west), and Richfield and Bloomington (south). When Delegard began searching for evidence of racial disparities in Minneapolis history, she found a set of documents in the Hennepin County property records that had created a system of racial segregation starting in the early 20th century. History of Hennepin county and the city of Minneapolis, including the Explorers and pioneers of Minnesota Item Preview ... History, Minneapolis (Minn.) -- History, Minneapolis (Minn.) -- Biography, Hennepin County (Minn.) -- Directories Publisher Minneapolis, North Star Pub. Minneapolis, the largest city in Minnesota, is situated on both sides of the Mississippi River at the 45th parallel. It lies at the head of navigation on the Mississippi River, near the river’s confluence with the Minnesota River. On the east side of the river, the community of St. Anthony was platted in 1849. In the 1960s, a proposal to build a freeway through the area was fought. Minneapolis Parent places: Minnesota; Old Maps Online. Target Field is home to Minnesota’s baseball (Twins) team, and the state’s gridiron football (Vikings) team plays at U.S. Bank Stadium. 3 10. Minneapolis Public Library (2001). Eager to utilize the water power inherent in the Falls of St. Anthony, commercial interests developed a large canal along First Street South to deliver water to the mills. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Several professional sports teams are based in Minneapolis. 1849 The first private school opens in St. Anthony (which merged with Minneapolis in 1872). Subsequent developments almost ruined the falls before the citizens of Minneapolis recognized the value of the falls and took steps to preserve them. Date 1895 Abstract Classic booster history of Minneapolis with great details of the city’s early years. Area city, 58 square miles (150 square km). The city of Minneapolis was officially recognized in 1856 as a town within the territory of Minnesota. The city’s riverfront is part of Mississippi National River and Recreation Area (1988). Old maps of Minneapolis on Old Maps Online. Minneapolis, city, seat of Hennepin county, southeastern Minnesota, U.S. Timeline Attributes. Drag sliders to specify date range From: To: Fulltext search: Title: Author: Map scale: to. “A History of Minneapolis”. Finally, in 1920, voters approved a charter plan that granted Minneapolis home rule. The Interstate 35W bridge over the Mississippi River in Minneapolis, Minn., collapsed on Aug. 1, 2007. At the same time, the population of the Twin Cities metropolitan area increased rapidly, fueled by the movement of thousands from city to suburbs. In the mid 1800s, Minneapolis’s “Twin City” was actually a completely different Saint – St. Anthony. William D. Green, history professor at Augsburg University: Back in 1860, even though Minnesota was free soil and had in its constitution a ban against slavery, slaveholders would come to … Minneapolis charter reformers should study the history ... of St. Paul Resistance to the city manager plan in Minnesota's capital city decades ago should be a cautionary tale for Minneapolis. I learned some interesting history on the tour about the old mills and bridges. About Minneapolis today, many of us aren ’ t aware of some of the River ’ historic. 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